NIH: Office of Disease Prevention



The purpose of dissemination and implementation (D&I) research is to identify, understand, and overcome barriers to the adoption, adaptation, integration, scale-up, and sustainability of evidence-based interventions, tools, policies, and guidelines.

Each year, large budgets are spent on research, service delivery, and community health programs. However, relatively little is known about how best to ensure that the lessons learned from research are relevant to, and inform and improve the quality of health, delivery of services, and utilization and sustainability of evidence-based tools and approaches. It is essential that health care providers, patients, families, and caregivers are equipped with well-informed strategies to integrate scientific knowledge and effective interventions into everyday use within various community and health care settings.

The NIH has recognized that closing the gap between research discovery and clinical and community practice is both a complex challenge and an urgent necessity to ensure that all populations benefit from the nation’s investments in scientific discoveries.

This Research Highlight provides examples of relevant D&I research activities and programs across the NIH, describes recent scientific advances and resources developed by the NIH and its federal partners, and provides links to D&I trainings and online resources.